The Complete Guide for White Pugs+[Leucistic & Albino Pugs]

white pugs

Have you been seeing these adorable white Pugs on your Instagram feed lately and wondering about getting one?

Well to make your maybe into a yes, we’ve compiled the complete guide on everything you need to know about them, including:

  • The history and characteristics of white Pugs
  • Difference between an Albino Pug and a White Pug
  • Health problems of white Pugs
  • A white Pug’s behavior and personality
  • How much does a white Pug cost
  • And so much more

Let’s get started!


What are All white Pugs?

The white Pug exists as a result of crossbreeding. They get their non-traditional color as a result of either genetic mutation or crossbreeding, making them one of the rarest Pugs to exist.

There are three different variations of white Pugs:

  • Pugs with Albinism

Albinism is a genetic mutation that alters DNA to cause a lack of melanin production.

This causes the Pug to have a white coat, lighter eyes and a pink mask.

Albinism often causes multiple other health problems, such as light sensitivity and deafness.

  • Pugs with Leucism

Leucism is similar to Albinism as both conditions alter the melanin levels within the DNA.

However, while leucism causes the depigmentation of the Pug’s skin and coat, it does not cause any health issues.

  • White Pugs from light fawn parents

There’s a chance of getting purebred or crossbred Pugs that are white or light fawn as a result of lack of pigmentation within their lineage.

This Pug has the same black features that standard Pugs whilst the coat is inherently light in appearance.


A brief look at White Pugs

1. History of White Pugs

While Pugs are one of the oldest canine breeds, white Pugs have been traced back to as early as the 18th century when they were popularized as royalty lap dogs.

In recent years the white Pug breed has skyrocketed to stardom by modern celebrities often getting them.

Marshmallow the White Pug, the puppy internet sensation, proves to be the adorable catalyst behind the white Pug craze.

2. Characteristics of White Pugs

  • Size: An adult Pug measures between 10 to 14 inches
  • Weight: 14 to 18 pounds
  • Coat: Double layer coat
  • Coat Color: White
  • Exercise: 20minutes per session, 40 minutes a day
  • Life Span: 12 to 14 years
  • Breed: Toy breed

3. The Appearance of White Pugs

White Pugs appear to be similar in features as other Pugs in terms of their wrinkly appearance and folds all over.

Although they are white all over, they hold the same features as other Pugs with their dark lips and nose and black-rimmed eyes.

However, White Pugs are often confused with Albino Pugs so we’ve drawn up a detailed comparison for you to make an informed decision.


What is an Albino Pug? Is it Different from a White Pug?

image source: milkshakethepug

White Pugs are often confused with Albino Pugs because of their striking similarities. Therefore it is crucial to understand the differences for you to make the right choice.

While both Pugs appear to be similar at first glance, a more detailed look allows you to differentiate clearly. These differences are found in the coat itself alongside the difference in their features that

An albino Pug suffers from Albinism, making it appear somewhat translucent in appearance than a white Pug. Both Albinism and Leucism can affect the dog’s health conditions adversely.

1. What is Albinism?

Albinism is the name for a rare genetic mutation that causes a lack of pigmentation within the animal’s body.

This lack of pigmentation can be seen in the skin, hair, eyes and even their blood vessels.

This condition interferes with the body’s ability to produce melanin, which is the primary pigment that determines the color of everything inside and outside the body.

An albino Pug can only exist if both of its parents carried this gene. Albino Pugs and Pugs with Leucism are often confused with each other.

Both types have a different set of genetic conditions; hence it’s essential for you to understand the difference.

2. What is Leucism?

Leucism is similar to Albinism as both conditions alter the melanin levels within the DNA.

However, Leucism causes the Pug to have hair with no pigmentation within the fur and slight levels of pigment in other features such as the lips, nose and eyes.

Since Leucism is very rare, it is often categorized by many as Albinism due to the lack of pigmentation.

The point of difference is that while Albinism creates health issues within the Pug, there are no health issues associated with Leucism.

While you can physically differentiate based on the difference in the color of features, it often leads to the Pug being misdiagnosed.

So it’s always better that you get medical testing done for the Pug and make wiser decisions.

3. The Appearance of the Albino Pug

While both white Pugs and albino Pugs have a white coat, Albino Pugs have rather translucent skin when you compare.

An albino Pug will have light pink features such as lips, noses, paws, ears and faintly pink-tinted skin.

However, unlike most Albino animals, their eyes are light blue rather than pink.

Despite the difference in pigmentation levels, Albino Pugs have the same appearance as any other Pug.

They have the same wrinkly and folded skin with a curled up tail similar to that of a pig.

4. Health Issues for Albino Pugs

The health of any colored Pug is more compromised than that of a regular Pug.

Yet, Albino Pugs suffer from additional health issues that have been explained below:

  • Skin Cancer

Lack of melanin in the skin removes the natural UV barrier making the Pug more prone to skin cancer.

Even the slightest exposure to sun rays can cause harm to their skin; hence Albino Pugs are advised to be protected from the sun at all costs.

  • Light Sensitivity

Since Albinism causes a lack of pigment in the eye as well, it adversely affects the nerves too.

This makes the Albino dog’s eyes extremely sensitive to any sort of light and can cause severe pain and irritation.

By understanding these differences, you will be able to make better decisions for yourself, so always be sure to distinguish between the different breeds of Pugs carefully.


More about White Pugs

1. Behavior and Personality of White Pugs

While Pugs are one of the friendliest dogs, all different types of Pugs have their unique quirks and personalities.

White Pugs are absolutely loyal and extremely affectionate with male Pugs being more laid back and female Pugs having a more hyper presence.

Let’s see what you’re getting yourself into if you decide on getting a white Pug.

  • Temperament

White Pugs are very calm and will do anything to gain your love and affection. They’re always eager to please their owner, which makes them very loving.

But beware! These loving pups can often be stubborn, so it will take a lot of patience on your end while training them.

Our advice would be to use treats as motivation as these Pugs are never able to resist them.

They’re quick to adapt to any environment making them one of the most family-friendly dogs to exist.

White Pugs will crave your attention, so be ready for them following you around the house at any given moment.

Their trusting nature allows them to build quick affectionate bonds with their owners very quickly.

All they will ever need is your attention and loads of belly rubs!

  • Behavior

While white Pugs are known for being the calm breed, their calmness can often result in laziness.

If they could, they would sleep all day long. So it will be your duty to ensure they get their daily dose of exercise in.

Despite their laziness, they often get random bursts of playful energy and will definitely enchant you with their short-lived hyperactive acts.

Pugs in general love to eat and there’s no exception when it comes to white Pug.

They’ll devour every meal like it’s their last, which often makes them prone to being overweight.

You will need to put in effort and dedication to train them to be more obedient.

While they aren’t the kind to aggressively bark, they’re very vocal when it comes to snoring, snorting, some barking and so on.

  • Personality Traits

This is a friendly and observant breed. White Pugs are very affectionate and get along with almost anyone.

From children and family to cats or any other animal, white Pugs are always warm and welcoming.

They will require your attention at all times because if you leave them alone for long enough, they’ll pull some mischievous acts around the house.

White Pugs want to be included in your life as much as they can.

This may mean wanting to cuddle up next you while you sleep or following you wherever you go.

These Pugs are unique and absolutely adorable. Their personality is full of multiple quirks, but their love for you and food will always remain at the top.

2. Health and Nutrition of White Pugs

All breeds of Pugs require different care and attention when it comes to their health.

We’ve compiled a list of facts you need to know when it comes to your Pug’s health and nutrition.

  • Health

The brachycephalic nature of Pugs makes them susceptible to a variety of diseases.

While the white Pug doesn’t suffer from any specific conditions, it does have all the same health issues as any Pug that have been listed in detail ahead.

  • Nutrition

When it comes to your Pug’s nutrition, the Pug’s age and weight are vital factors.

To determine the amount you consider the white Pug’s weight and age.

For white Pugs, an average of ½ to 1 cup of food per day is recommended.

You can opt for reputable dog food brands that are preservative free and packed with essential nutrients.

When choosing between dry kibble and wet canned food, kibble takes the cake by proving to be better for the teeth.

Our personal favorite has to be Wellness Complete Health for Small Breeds which is 100% natural and all time Pug favorite!

However, we would always recommend that you consult a vet to find the perfect fit for your special white Pug.

3. White Pug Common Health Issues

All breeds of Pugs suffer from more or less the same health problems.

Here we have listed the common health issues that you might have to face with your white Pug.

  • Breathing Problems

Pugs are brachycephalic breeds of dogs which means that they have extremely short snouts in comparison to other canines.

This can make them extremely prone to breathing attacks and other respiratory problems.

They will often be making a lot of noise such as wheezing, snoring, snorting and so on. This is all linked to their shortened breathing tract.

  • Skin Conditions

Skin related problems are frequent amongst Pugs as their soft folded and wrinkly skin allows growth for bacteria and fungi if not cleaned properly.

This makes it extremely important for you to frequently clean up your Pugs fold.

Some common skin conditions Pugs suffer from include ringworm, various allergies and in rare cases, demodicosis.

  • Eye Problems

While your Pug’s huge eyes are endearing, they often have to suffer through a lot of eye problems.

Some common eye problems include cherry eye, cataracts and corneal ulcers.

  • Tail Problems

The iconic curled tail of Pugs is found to be the reason behind a lot of Pug health issues.

You should keep an eye out if you notice symptoms of a screw tail or limp tail.

These two conditions can be excruciating for your Pug and need immediate care and attention at the first symptom.

  • Pug Dog Encephalitis

This condition occurs when brain tissues are inflamed. This is most common in adolescent Pugs and is caused mainly due to genetics.

This neurological problem may cause your Pug to suffer from seizures and epileptic attacks.

  • Stomach Problems

Pugs are susceptible to multiple digestive problems that can be triggered by the wrong type of food consumption.

This may result in food allergies, salmonella, bacteria, hypersensitivity and so on. They also suffer from bloating and swelling.

Sometimes Pugs may suffer from intussusception which is the large and small intestines sliding into each other.

  • Spinal Issues

The Pug’s spine is comparable to our own. Due to their brachycephalic nature they are prone to spinal problems such as hemivertebrae or herniated discs.

Almost all Pugs are prone to spinal injuries and conditions due to their screw tail.

Thus it’s essential to get regular x-rays for your Pug to quickly catch on with such problems and get proper treatment.

  • Orthopedic Problems

All Pugs have shorter bones which makes them easier to bend and twist.

This often results in orthopedic problems as the bones of your Pug might get dislocated often and may suffer from bone injuries more.

The chondrodystrophic nature of Pugs makes them prone to orthopedic conditions such as luxating patellas, and intervertebral disk diseases.

They’re also more susceptible to joint problems that can often lead to arthritis.

Thus when you get a Pug, regular vet appointments are essential to make sure your Pug is living its healthiest and happiest life.

4. White Pugs Exercise & Training

Like any other Pug, white Pugs require at least 40 minutes of exercise daily.

Allow your Pug to take a break during walking or divide the exercise period into 2 sessions throughout the day. This is to ensure avoiding breath and joint issues.

White Pugs are an intelligent breed so they are relatively easier to train.

However, they’re also known to be stubborn at times so you will require a lot of patience and consistency while teaching them.

5. White Pugs Grooming

White Pugs require just as much grooming as any other breed of Pugs. To ensure that your Pug is receiving proper grooming the following steps should be taken.

  1. Bathe your Pug every 3 to 4 weeks.
  2. Clean the wrinkles and folds of your Pug’s skin on a daily basis.
  3. Brush your Pug’s coat with a soft-bristled brush every other day.
  4. Clean your Pug’s eyes gently on a daily basis.
  5. Clean their ear flaps several times over the while clean the ear canals carefully every 6 weeks.
  6. Take care of their paws every 2 weeks.
  7. Trim the nails of your Pug every 6 weeks.
  8. Be sure to take care of their noses and clean them every 2 to 3 weeks.



1. How much does it cost to buy a white Pug puppy?

While these are not purebred Pugs, white Pugs could cost you anywhere from $300-$2000.

They’re often sold as designer commodities so you will find them to be on the pricier end.

2. Are there any famous white Pugs?

Yes! Marshmallow the White Pug is the reason behind the breed’s recent rise to fame.

He is now an internet sensation with his very own YouTube channel and social media accounts with thousands of followers!


So What’s The Verdict on White Pugs?

Everyone is obsessed with getting white Pugs, and we can see why!

From their unique lineage to their loveable attributes, white Pugs are definitely worth the hype.

They’re the perfect companion for anybody and their adorable quirks paired with the display of constant affection will never leave you feeling lonely.

Factoring in their characteristics and rich history, they will be the perfect fit for any family, including yours.